Learning to read, how does it work?
Reading comprehension is a very complex term, but it is explained very well by K12Reader.
Reading comprehension is one of the pillars of the act of reading. When a person reads a text he engages in a complex array of cognitive processes. He is simultaneously using his awareness and understanding of phonemes (individual sound “pieces” in language), phonics (connection between letters and sounds and the relationship between sounds, letters and words) and ability to comprehend or construct meaning from the text. This last component of the act of reading is reading comprehension. It cannot occur independent of the other two elements of the process. At the same time, it is the most difficult and most important of the three.
Phonological processing is a complicated term for decoding words. To decode words a child has to be capable of linking a written representation of a letter with a tone. The so-cold tone-symbol link. Besides that, a well developed phonological awareness is important to read and spell. Phonological awareness means that a child is capable to manipulate words by the tones and phonemes. Kids with dyslexia have a disturbed phonological processing. The tone-symbol link is not fully developed what causes a inefficient way of reading.
There are multiple definitions of dyslexia. One definition is: dyslexia is a specific read- and spell disorder with a neurobiological base. It is caused by cognitive processing disorders at the interface of phonological and orthografic language processing. The specific language processing issues diviate substantially from the remaining cognitive. Mostly the language processing profile causes a serious problem with reading and spelling words despite of education on a regular base. This specific reading and spelling problem restricts a normal educational development which would be indicated by the remaining cognitive skills.
How to teach reading comprehension?
There are different ways of learning reading comprehension. As indicated reading comprehension consists of multiple parts. There are several ways to develop these parts like games, books and programs (see Reading games for kids for an example lesson). All focused on a quick and fun way to improve reading comprehension. The level of language, knowledge, quick reading and especially cognition are important to reading comprehension. Cognition lets kids make predictions, think of questions and visualizing the outcome of a story. They are all a part of reading comprehension strategies.